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Wildlife & Traffic

A European Handbook for Identifying Conflicts and Designing Solutions

7 Solutions to reduce transport infrastructure impacts on wildlife

Updated version (2022). Produced in cooperation with the project Horizon 2020 BISON. ‘Biodiversity and infrastructure synergies and opportunities for European transport networks’.

Original version (2003)

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7.5 References

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Bain, T. (2014). Evaluating the Effect of Moisture in Wildlife Crossing Tunnels on the Migration of the California Tiger Salamander, Ambystoma californiense. http://scholarworks.calstate.edu/handle/10211.3/123759

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Benten, A., Annighöfer, P., & Vor, T. (2018). Wildlife warning reflectors’ Potential to mitigate wildlife-vehicle Collisions-A review on the evaluation methods. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 6(APR), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2018.00037

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Benten, A., Hothorn, T., Vor, T., & Ammer, C. (2018). Wildlife warning reflectors do not mitigate wildlife–vehicle collisions on roads. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 120(August), 64–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2018.08.003

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Bhardwaj, M., Olsson, M., & Seiler, A. (2020). Ungulate use of non-wildlife underpasses. Journal of Environmental Management, 273(January), 111095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111095

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Brieger, F., Hagen, R., Kröschel, M., Hartig, F., Petersen, I., Ortmann, S., & Suchant, R. (2017). Do roe deer react to wildlife warning reflectors? A test combining a controlled experiment with field observations. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 63(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-017-1130-5

Brieger, F., Hagen, R., Vetter, D., Dormann, C. F., & Storch, I. (2016). Effectiveness of light-reflecting devices: A systematic reanalysis of animal-vehicle collision data. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 97, 242–260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2016.08.030

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Clevenger, A. P., Chruszcz, B., & Gunson, K. E. (2001). Effectiveness of highway mitigation fencing at reducing wildlife-vehicle collisions. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 29(2), 646–653. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236833678

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D’ANGELO, G. J., D’ANGELO, J. G., GALLAGHER, G. R., OSBORN, D. A., MILLER, K. V., & WARREN, R. J. (2006). Evaluation of Wildlife Warning Reflectors for Altering White-Tailed Deer Behavior Along Roadways. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 34(4), 1175–1183. https://doi.org/10.2193/0091-7648(2006)34[1175:eowwrf]2.0.co;2

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Elmeros, M., Dekker, J., Baagøe, H. J., Garin, I., & Christensen, M. (2016). Bat mitigation on roads in Europe – an overview. 63. http://bios.au.dk/om-instituttet/organisation/faunaoekologi/projekter/safe-bat-paths/documents/

Elmeros, M., Winbladh, J. K., Andersen, P. N., Madsen, A. B., & Christensen, J. T. (2011). Effectiveness of odour repellents on red deer (Cervus elaphus) and roe deer (Capreolus capreolus): A field test. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57(6), 1223–1226. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-011-0517-y

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Hamer, A. J., Langton, T. E. S., & Lesbarrères, D. (2015). Making a Safe Leap Forward: Mitigating Road Impacts on Amphibians. Handbook of Road Ecology, November 2017, 261–270. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118568170.ch31

Helldin, J. O., & Petrovan, S. O. (2019). Effectiveness of small road tunnels and fences in reducing amphibian roadkill and barrier effects at retrofitted roads in Sweden. PeerJ, 2019(8). https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7518

Hill, I. D. C., Rossi, C. A., Petrovan, S. O., Hartup, M., Clark, F., & Downie, J. R. (2018). Mitigating the effects of a road on amphibian migrations: a Scottish case study of road tunnels. The Glasgow Naturalist, 27(Supplement), 25–36. https://doi.org/10.37208/tgn27s06

Iuell, B., Bekker, G.J., Cuperus, R., Dufek, J., Fry, G., Hicks, C., Hlaváĉ, V., Keller, V., B., Rosell, C., Sangwine, T., Tørsløv, N., Wandall, B. le Maire, (Eds.) (2003). Wildlife and Traffic: A European Handbook for Identifying Conflicts and Designing Solutions. KNNV Uitgeverij; 1st edition. ISBN: ‎ 9050111866. 176pp.

Jarvis, L. E., Hartup, M., & Petrovan, S. O. (2019). Road mitigation using tunnels and fences promotes site connectivity and population expansion for a protected amphibian. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 65(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-019-1263-9

Jochimsen, D. M., Peterson, C. R., Andrews, K. M., Gibbons, J. W., & Service, U. F. (2004). A Literature Review of the effects of Roads on Amphibians and Reptiles and the Measures Used to Minimize Those Effects. Ecology, November, 0–78.

Kämmerle, J. L., Brieger, F., Kröschel, M., Hagen, R., Storch, I., & Suchant, R. (2017). Temporal patterns in road crossing behaviour in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) at sites with wildlife warning reflectors. PLoS ONE, 12(9), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184761

Klar, N., Herrmann, M., & Kramer-Schadt, S. (2009). Effects and Mitigation of Road Impacts on Individual Movement Behavior of Wildcats. Journal of Wildlife Management, 73(5), 631–638. https://doi.org/10.2193/2007-574

Lesbarrères, D., Lodé, T., & Merilä, J. (2004). What type of amphibian tunnel could reduce road kills? Oryx, 38(2), 220–223. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605304000389

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